El llinatge (Catalan Edition)
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Are humans forged and defined by two things: the beast in the dark and the nomadic instinct? Paperback binging. Edition: April Format: 15 x Inks: black. Pages: No ISBN limited edition.
Editorial: Arola Editors. Format: 15,5 x 23,5. Tintes: Color. By the end of the 11th century, documents written completely or mostly in Catalan begin to appear, like the Complaints of Guitard Isarn, Lord of Caboet ca. Catalan lived a golden age during the Late Middle Ages, reaching a peak of maturity and cultural plenitude, and expanded territorially as more lands were added to the dominions of the Crown of Aragon.
Catalan became the language of the Kingdom of Majorca, as well the main language of the Kingdom of Valencia, particularly in coastal areas.
It was also extended to Sardinia and it was used as an administrative language in Sicily and Athens. Between the 13th and 15th centuries this language was present all over the Mediterranean world , and it was one of the first basis of the Lingua Franca . The belief that political splendor was correlated with linguistic consolidation was voiced through the Royal Chancery, which promoted a highly standardized language.
By the 15th century, the city of Valencia had become the center of social and cultural dynamism. The novel of chivalry Tirant lo Blanc , by Joanot Martorell , shows the transition from medieval to Renaissance values, something than can also be seen in the works of Bernat Metge and Andreu Febrer. During this period, Catalan remained as one of the 'great languages' of medieval Europe. The first book produced with movable type in the Iberian Peninsula was printed in Catalan.
With the union of the crowns of Castille and Aragon , the use of Castilian Spanish gradually became more prestigious and marked the start of the relative decline of the Catalan. Along the 16th and 17 centuries, Catalan literature came under the influence of Spanish, and the urban and literary classes became largely bilingual. The defeat of the pro-Habsburg coalition in the War of Spanish Succession Spanish replaced Catalan in legal documentation, becoming the administrative and political language in the Principality of Catalonia and kingdoms of Valencia and Majorca.
Today, Catalan is one of the three official languages of autonomous community of Catalonia , as stated in the Catalan Statute of Autonomy ; the other two are Spanish, and Occitan in its Aranese variety. Catalan has no official recognition in " Northern Catalonia ". Catalan has official status alongside Spanish in the Balearic Islands and in the Land of Valencia where it is called Valencian , as well as Algherese Catalan alongside Italian in the city of Alghero and in Andorra as the sole official language.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the historic principality.
For the present-day autonomous community, see Catalonia. For the part of France, see Roussillon. Territory of the Principality of Catalonia until Location superimposed to current borders. Main article: History of Catalonia. Part of a series on the. Prehistoric Iberia Urnfield culture. Ancient history. Early modern. Francoist Catalonia Transition to democracy Restoration of autonomy Independence movement. By topic. Main articles: Languages of Catalonia and Catalan literature. Retrieved 17 June University of Nevada Press.
Els llinatges catalans by Francesc de B. Moll: Moll - Librería Castro
Retrieved 3 January Zaragoza: Caja de la Inmaculada. Tormented voices. Cornell University Press.
I, ed. Petit-Dutaillis 5 November The Feudal Monarchy in France and England. Archived from the original on 19 October Retrieved 21 January The revolt of the Catalans: a study in the decline of Spain — Cambridge University Press. Nueva Revista de Historia. Universidad de Extremadura. Retrieved 3 October Europe in the Seventeenth Century Second ed.
Barcelona, p. Felip V i Catalunya. Spain in the Middle Ages. Early Middle Ages. European Middle Ages by region. Categories : Principality of Catalonia History of Catalonia Crown of Aragon Former countries on the Iberian Peninsula Medieval Spain Spanish Renaissance Early Modern history of Spain Former countries in Europe States and territories established in the s States and territories disestablished in s establishments in Europe disestablishments in Spain 12th-century establishments in Aragon Former principalities.yoku-nemureru.com/wp-content/cell-phone/1751-smartphone-sms-track.php
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